Formaldehyde, Solution in Methanol/Water

General Information:
CAS Number 50 - 00 - 0
EINECS Number 200 - 001 - 8
Chemical Name Formaldehyde
Chemical Classification Aldehyde
Formalin; formic aldehyde; formal; methyl aldehyde; methylene glycol; methylene oxide; methanal; morbicid; oxamethane; oxymethylene; paraform; polyoxymethylene glycol; superlysoform.
Formula CH2O
Molecular weight 30.03
Shipping Name Formaldehyde solution
Codes / Label Flammable liquid, class - 3.1
Hazardous Waste ID No. 5
Hazchem Code 2 SE / 2 T
UN Number 1198
Description Colourless liquid with characteristic pungent odour.
Product uses
In the manufacturing of phenolic resins, artificial silk and cellulose esters, dyes, organic chemicals, glass mirrors, explosives; disinfectant for dwellings, ship, storage houses, utensils, clothes etc., as a germicide & fungicide for plants & vegetables, improving fastness of dyes on fabrics, tanning & preserving hides;, mordanting & water proofing fabrics; preserving & coagulating rubber latex; in embalming fluids.
Product Specifications:  
Specifications Limits
  Grade - I Grade - II
Formaldehyde, % w/w, min. 37.00 43.00
Methanol, % w/w, max. < 1.00 * 4.00-6.00*
Acidity (as HCOOH), % w/w max. 0.05 0.05
Iron, ppm max. 2.00 ** 2.00**
PH 2.60 - 3.00 2.40-2.80
* Methanol content may vary as per specific customer's requirement. Hence sp. gr. will also vary accordingly.
** Valid for SS containers & HDPE carboy packing.
Application In the manufacture of explosives, photographic materials, antiseptic and fumigants; in treatment of pulp & papers; in cosmetics, fertilizers & fuels; in treatment of fur & hair, mouth wash, germicidal soap, lavender water & cologne; sterilization of surgical instruments; as food preservative.
Packaging In SS tankers, ISO-containers and in HDPE drums / carboys.
This information is based on our present state of knowledge and is intended to provide general notes on our products and their uses. It should therefore, not be construed as guaranteeing specific properties of the products described or their suitability for a particular application. Any existing industrial property rights must be observed. The quality of our product is guaranteed under our General Conditions of Sale.
Material safety data sheet (According to 91/155 EC)
1. Identification of the substance / preparation and of the company / undertaking:
Product details:
Trade name Formaldehyde, 37% soln. in methanol/water
Manufacturer / Supplier  
Kanoria Chemicals & Industries Ltd.

3407 GIDC Industrial Estate,
Ankleshwar 393 002 (Gujarat), India
Tel:+91 2646 668801-04
Fax: +91 2646 251816
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Kanoria Chemicals & Industries Ltd.

A-304/305/306, Universal Business Park,
Chandivali Farm Road, Off Saki Vihar Road,
Near Kamani Oil Mills, Saki Naka, Andheri (East),
Mumbai 400 072 (Maharashtra), India.
Tel: +91 22 28470216, 28470217
Fax: +91 22 28470235
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Further information obtainable from Information in case of emergency Safety Department
Tel: +91 2646 668869
2. Composition/ information on ingredients:
Description CAS No. EINECS Number
Formaldehyde 50-00-0 200-001-8
Methanol 67-56-1 200-659-6
Water 7732-18-5  
3.Hazard identification:
Hazard description Extremely hazardous product. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Causes severe irritation or burns to skin, eyes, upper respiratory tract, gastro-intestinal irritation and burns to mouth and throat Lachrymator at levels from less than 20 ppm upwards.
Chronic Exposure Kidney and lever damage.
Carcinogen city (NTP/IARC/OSHA) Yes
4. First-aid measures:
After inhalation
Remove to fresh air, restore breathing, get medical attention.
After skin contact Remove contaminated clothing, flush with plenty of water atleast for 15 minutes.
After eye contact
Immediately flush opened eye with plenty of running water for atleast 15 minutes.
After swallowing
Induce vomiting of conscious patient by giving plenty of water to drink. Consult physician immediately in case of an unconscious victim.
5. Fire-fighting measures:
Suitable extinguishing agents
CO2 , Dry chemical powder, water spray and alcohol foam.
6. Accidental release measures:
Person-related safety precautions
Proper protective equipment and self contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in positive pressure mode.
Measures for cleaning/collecting
Shut off sources of ignition, no flares, smoking or flames in area. Stop leakage if possible. Use water spray to reduce vapour. Take up with sand or other non combustible absorbent and place into container for disposal according to item 13.
7. Handling and storage:
Information for safe handling
Avoid breathing vapours, avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. Decontaminate soiled clothing thoroughly before use.
Information about fire and explosion protection
Flammable liquid. Closed containers exposed to heat may explode.
Requirements to be met by store rooms and receptacles
Store in tightly closed containers in a dry, cool, well ventilated, flammable liquid storage area.
8. Exposure controls / protection:
50 - 00 - 0 Formaldehyde
Short term value *3 mg/m3
Long term value **1.5mg/m3
* total inhalable vapour, ** permissible exposure
Personal protective equipment Self contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.
Respiratory protection Self contained breathing apparatus.
Protection of hands Gloves of natural rubber.
Eye protection Safety glasses W/face shield.
9. Physical and chemical properties:
General information:
Odour Pungent odour
Change in condition  
Melting point / Melting range --
Boiling Point / Boiling range 960C
Flash point: (CC) 590C
Flammable limits Upper 73.0%, Lower 7.0%
Auto ignition temperature 4230C
Specific gravity at 25oC 1.108
Vapour density (Air = 1) 1.0
Vapour Pressure (MMHG) at 20 oC 1.3
Solubility in water/Miscibility with water at 20oC Complete.
10. Stability & Reactivity:
This product is stable, strong reducing agent, especially in alkaline solution. Keep away from strong bases and acids, oxidizing agents, aniline, phenol, isocyanates , anhydride. Combustible light and air sensitive, polymerizes spontaneously.
Dangerous reactions With bases / acids and oxidizing agents.
Dangerous decomposition products CO, CO2 & vapours of formaldehyde
11. Toxicological information:
Acute toxicity:  
LD/LC50 values relevant for classification: Oral/LD 50 : 100 mg/Kg (rat)
SKN LD 50: 270 µl/kg (rabbit)
Primary irritant effect:  
On the skin Irritating effect (severe)
On the eye Irritating effect (severe)
Sensitization Prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization.
12. Ecological information:
Environmental toxicity The product is expected to be slightly toxic to aquatic life. The LC 50/96 hrs values for fish are between 10 and 100 mg/l.
Environmental fate When released into the soil, material is expected to reach into ground water. When released into water, the material is expected to readily bio-degrade and is not expected to bio-accumulate. When released into air, the material is expected to readily degrade by photolysis, readily removed from atmosphere by dry and deposition. Half life of the material is less than one day, when released into air.
13. Disposal conditions:

Whatever cannot be recycled, should be absorbed in sand or other non-combustible absorbent, containerized and transferred to appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Dispose waste, containers and unused contents in accordance with official regulations.

14. Transit information:
UN number 1198 Class: 3, 3.3, 8
ADG Classification, Sub risk Class 3, 8
Packing Group III Label: Flammable liquid.
15. Regulatory information:

This product is extremely hazardous. It is listed as an "ACGIH" 'suspected' human carcinogen and a "NTP" anticipated human carcinogen. It may cause (mutagenic) reproductive effects.

16. Other information:

Kanoria Chemicals & Industries Limited provides the information contained herein in good faith, but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. Kanoria chemicals & industries limited makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, including without limitation any warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose with respect to the information set forth herein or the product to which the information refers. accordingly, kanoria chemicals & industries limited will not be responsible for damages resulting from use of or reliance upon this information.

Department issuing MSDS: Safety Department
Date of Issue: 01-07-2012 Date of Revision: 30-06-2015

This document is valid for 03 years from the date of issue, and is bound to be canceled, if not revised on or before the date of revision.